What is Psychology? Psychology is a scientific study of human mind, behavior, thoughts, development, personality, emotions, motivations and more. Gaining a richer and deeper understanding of psychology helps to understand others. Psychology is the study of mind, how it works, and how it affects behaviors.
What is the concept of psychology?
Psychology involves the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feelings and thoughts. Psychologists explore behaviour and mental processes, emotions, intelligence, subjective experiences, motivations, brain functioning and personality.
The major concept of psychology is to describe, explain, predict and control the behaviour and mental process of people.
Father of Psychology
Wilhelm Wundtwas the first person ever to call himself a psychologist who noted psychology as a science apart from philosophy and biology. In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. Wundt is regarded as the father of experimental psychology.
Why Psychology is Important?
Psychology promotes people to understand more about how the body and mind work together. This knowledge can help them with decision making, time management, achieving goals and avoiding stressful situations.
Educational psychology encourages teaching and learning. This is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning, involves the study of memory,student outcomes, gifted learners, conceptual processes and individual differences in conceptualizing new strategies.
Educational psychology covers a wide variety of specialties, with educational psychologists focusing on different technology used in education, how teachers develop curriculum or worksheets as well as lessons plans within their classrooms. It also covers special education.
Educational psychologists study how people learn and retain knowledge. They apply psychology to improve the learning process and promote educational success for all students. An educational psychologist is someone who knows the needs of students and studies their behaviours to ensure their smooth relationship with their teacher for an effective teaching and learning environment.
Teachers have to have a good knowledge of human psychology in order to avoid the tangling behaviours of students. Teachers learn educational psychology in their training and use its advantages when some students disturb the smooth running of a course.
To provide knowledge effectively educational psychology needs to be paid attention to.
- Effective Learning
Educational psychology provides teachers with enough knowledge of the demands for effective learning. Through the educational psychology a teacher can make the learning process more fruitful.
Teachers can guide students better and help them towards the right direction with the help of educational psychology. It helps the teachers to understand the student’s needs.
- Behavioural Development
Teachers can better identify the potential of the learners by educational psychology. To make the teaching and learning an all-round experience a teacher can understand a child’s need by keeping psychology and education side by side. Students can be polished in more comprehensive manners and behavioural developed properly through educational psychology.
- Problems of Learning
Some students face problems in learning process, which can be tackled through educational psychology. Teachers solve such a problems.
- Mapping the Learning process
Teachers can approach to various teaching methodologies to make the teaching and learning process more effective. The classroom can be more attractive for students when teaching strategies are designed to focus on the needs of the students.
Fast Facts about Psychology
- Psychology is the study of mind and behaviour.
- A person can benefit from the assessment and treatment with a psychologist whose mental health effects.
- A Psychologist may offer treatment that focuses on behavioural assertions.
- A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is more likely to focus on medical management of mental health problems.
Types of Psychology
There is no fixed way of classifying them, but following are some common types.
- Clinical psychology
- Cognitive psychology
- Developmental psychology
- Evolutionary psychology
- Health psychology
- Occupational psychology
Cross-cultural psychology is the study of similarities and differences in behaviours among people who have developed in different cultures throughout the world.
The International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology was established in 1972. Cross- Cultural differences often lead surprising differences like how people think, feel and act.
Why do we study Psychology?
Psychology helps you to understand yourself and other people by learning about aspects of human behaviour and mind. Psychology allow you to better understand how we think, act and feel. It Prepare you for a career as a professional psychologist, working in different contexts.