Culture & Heritage


What is Culture?

Culture is a word for the “way of life” of groups of people, their knowledge, attitude, moral goals and the way they do things. Culture can also be define in this way,  culture  is a behavior, values that people accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.

Culture is the characteristics and peoples knowledge of a particular group, bounding language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music, arts, codes and traditions. Culture is an integrated set of human activities, knowledge, morals and belief within a community or social group and the symbolic structures. Culture is defined as a high degree of taste in the fine arts, literature and humanities.

Culture is the expression of own nature in our way of life and thinking in our everyday dealings in art, literature, religion, behavior, reaction and enjoyments as member of society. Culture is a system of beliefs and values which we share with other peoples, all of which gives us a sense of belongings or identity. Culture can also be ceremonial artifacts.


What is Heritage?

Heritage can be something we can touch and see but it can also be things we can’t that are passed down through the years, from one generation to the next. Heritage is our intended traditions, monuments, objects, contemporary activities, behaviours, music, stories, spoken histories and culture, as we value them and we must protect them. Heritage is much more than preserving, revealing, displaying or restoring a collection of old things, while it is both tangible and intangible.

Our family tree would help us gain a sense of our personal heritage and remember where we came from and where we belong.

Heritage is the legacy of physical artefacts and intangible features of a group or society from the past generations, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. Heritage is a product of selection by society, and can be both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration.


What is Cultural Heritage?

Some people have a strong sense of heritage shared by their parents or grandparents like interests, occupations and values.

It gives us a sense of unity within a group, and understanding about previous generations and the history of where we come from.

What is Cultural Heritage Tourism?

Cultural Heritage Tourism is a travel to experience the different places, artefacts and activities that really represent the stories and people of the past and present, including cultural historic and natural resources, food, clothes and music.

Cultural Heritage Tourism has a positive economic and social impact to preserve the cultural heritage. Cultural Heritage Tourism establishes and reinforces identity and facilitates consonance and understanding among people.

Cultural Heritage in Pakistan

Pakistan’s cultural heritage covers archaeological sites, stupas, forts, shrines, tombs, buildings, residencies, monuments and mosques.

Cultural Heritage in Pakistan

Pakistan is the land of Mehargarh, Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Salt Range, and Tharparkar, funerary cluster of Makli, Chahar Bagh, Multan and Ouch Sharif, that invites Alexander to sail down the river Jhelum with waving purple flags. According to Ministry of Environment Pakistan, 389 sites and monuments are under the Federal Government protection while 444 are under the Provincial Government. Sindh and Punjab is the two provinces of Pakistan which have laws for protecting cultural heritage.

The legacy of our forerunners at Independence time, on August 14, 1947, came to us as a treasurer, called as Pakistan’s National Heritage, on which Pakistani Nation can be proud. No other country of the world can produce the treasure of old age as can be found in Pakistan. Pakistan has many World heritage sites as well as several sites of national and local importance like Archaeological sites, Historic monuments and Urban Historic architecture.

Pakistan has World’s leading civilization from the pre-historic and historic time immemorial. Since now, UNESCO has designated six sites in Pakistan as World Heritage Sites. The cultural heritage of Pakistan extends over the centuries, which is summarized in the following periods.

  • Indus civilization
  • Gandhara civilization
  • Islamic period
  • Sikh period
  • British period
  • Post-Independence period

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